eWOM anatomy of online product reviews: interaction effects of review number, valence, and star ratings on perceived credibility

Seoyeon Hong, Matthew Pittman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Scopus citations

Abstract

Consumers encounter many cues when making online purchases, particularly when reading product reviews. When competing heuristics are triggered, which emerges as more persuasive? This study explores online reviews of an Amazon-like platform to see how star ratings, numbers of reviews, and review valence provide cues to consumers which influence perceived credibility. Two experiments utilizing different samples provide converging evidence that negatively valanced reviews tend to supersede star ratings, with the number of reviews serving as a proxy for argument strength. When a review was positive, participants trusted the star ranking system, perceiving a high star ranking to be most credible. However, when a review is negative, an alternate heuristic leads to reduced credibility for star ratings, and participants instead placed greater importance on a high number of reviewers, trusting the eWOM “recommendation” of the reviewer. Theoretical and practical implications are discussed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)892-920
Number of pages29
JournalInternational Journal of Advertising
Volume39
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 2020

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Communication
  • Marketing

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