Essential Fatty Acid Deficiency in Patients Receiving Simultaneous Parenteral and Oral Nutrition

T. Peter Stein, Gordon P. Buzby, W. Clark Hargrove, Maria J. Leskiw, James L. Mullen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

15 Scopus citations

Abstract

Essential fatty acid deficiency is a common finding in patients nourished parenterally with hypertonic glucose and amino acids. In this study, we measured the Iinoleate concentration in the livers of 3 groups of patients. All the patients had operable upper gastrointestinal tract malignancies. Group I ate the hospital's regular diet ad libitum. Group II were given total parenteral nutrition (TPN). Group III received both enteral and parenteral nutrition and obtained about 35% of their caloric intake from food. The percentage of total liver fatty acids as linoleate were group I, 15.2 ± 1.2%, group II, 3.7 ± 1.4%, and group III, 2.8 ± 1.6%. Data are expressed as the mean ± 1 SEM. The patients who received 35% of their calories by mouth as food and the patients on TPN were found to be equally depleted in linoleate.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)343-345
Number of pages3
JournalJournal of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
Volume4
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 1980
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Nutrition and Dietetics

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