Errors produced on the mini-mental state examination and neuropsychological test performance in Alzheimer's disease, ischemic vascular dementia, and Parkinson's disease

Angela L. Jefferson, Stephanie A. Cosentino, Susan K. Ball, Bruce Bogdanoff, Norman Leopold, Edith Kaplan, David J. Libon

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

71 Scopus citations

Abstract

The authors investigated whether MMSE indices designed to measure temporal and physical orientation, declarative memory, language, working memory, and motor/constructional function could differentiate patients with different dementia diagnoses: Alzheimer's disease (AD), ischemic vascular dementia (IVD), or Parkinson's disease (PD). MMSE summary scores did not differ (AD, 21.4; IVD, 21.1; PD, 22.3). The AD group scored lower than IVD or PD on temporal orientation and declarative memory, IVD lower than AD on motor/constructional and working memory. The IVD and PD groups made more errors in writing a sentence and copying intersecting pentagons. Significant correlations were found between the orientation indices and neuropsychological tests of naming and memory, and between the working memory and motor/constructional indices and tests of executive control. Such analyses of MMSE performance could assist in formulating referral questions for cognitive assessment and in tracking the course of dementing illnesses.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)311-320
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Neuropsychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences
Volume14
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2002

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Clinical Neurology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

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