A recombinant single-chain fragment variable (scFv) antibody (designated A10B) was engineered to contain two histidines within the linker peptide used to join the scFv heavy and light chains. A piezoimmunosensor using the scFv was successfully developed. A10B scFv bound to the gold piezoimmunosensor surface were correctly oriented, retained antigen-binding activity, and coupled at high surface concentration. These results, and results obtained from an earlier study using an scFv containing a linker cysteine, suggest that the location on the linker sequence in which the amino acids were incorporated was well tolerated by the scFv and did not interfere with scFv antigen-binding activity. The scFv-modified QCM sensor was thoroughly characterized and used to specifically detect antigen in crude serum sample and had a sensitivity of 2.3 ± 0.15 nM (n = 4) with a linear range over 2.3 × 10-9-3.3 × 10-8 M. The piezoimmunosensor was also used to study the kinetics and thermodynamics of antigen/scFv antibody binding.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Analytical Chemistry