Electrochemical oxidation of metal carbides in aqueous solutions

Matthew Messner, Dustin J. Walczyk, G. Palazzo Benjamin, Zachary A. Norris, Gregory Taylor, John Carroll, Tung X. Pham, Jeffrey D. Hettinger, Lei Yu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

12 Scopus citations

Abstract

Transition metal carbides have unique properties such as high hardness, high melting temperatures, high thermal conductivity, and high chemical stability. In this report, we investigate the electrochemical oxidation of a series of metal carbides including NbC, Nb2C, TaC, Ta2C, VC, VCrC, TiC and TiCrC in neutral, basic, or acidic aqueous solutions. Cyclic voltammetry and elemental analysis demonstrated that many of these metal carbides can be electrochemically oxidized at low electrode potentials to produce soluble metal ions in the solutions. Carbon in the metal carbides remains on the electrode substrates and forms porous carbide-derived carbon (CDC). The surface morphology of the CDC and specific surface area depend on themetal carbide precursors and the electrochemical oxidation conditions.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)H3107-H3114
JournalJournal of the Electrochemical Society
Volume165
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - 2018

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films
  • Electrochemistry
  • Materials Chemistry

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