Electrochemical enhancement of reactively sputtered rhodium, ruthenium, and iridium oxide thin films for neural modulation, sensing, and recording applications

Gregory Taylor, Rhandy Paladines, Anthony Marti, Daaron Jacobs, Saxon Tint, Andrew Fones, Hugh Hamilton, Lei Yu, Shahram Amini, Jeffrey Hettinger

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

Implantable neural interfacing devices are able to diagnose, monitor, and treat many conditions through modulating and recording electrical signals to and from neural tissue. The efficacy of treatment can be limited by a lack of specificity in targeting of neural tissue. To improve specificity and functionality, the electrodes and microelectrode arrays in these devices must be further miniaturized and must possess exceptional charge exchange characteristics. In this study, rhodium oxide (RhxOy), ruthenium oxide (RuOx), and iridium oxide (IrOx) thin films were synthesized using pulsed-DC reactive magnetron sputtering. The effect of sputtering chamber working pressure (WP) on the morphology, crystal structure, chemical composition, and electrochemical properties of the subsequent metal oxide thin films were investigated. The cathodic charge storage capacity (CSCc) and impedance of films were measured via cyclic voltammetry (CV) and electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS), respectively. Results show that CSCc increases, and the overall impedance decreases with increasing WP in all oxide systems. The enhanced electrochemical performance of these films has been attributed in large part to the morphological changes that occur with increasing WP resulting in an apparent increase in the porosity. This study reviews the electrochemical properties of IrOx, and also demonstrates the viability of RhxOy and RuOx as possible electrode coatings for neural interfacing applications.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number139118
JournalElectrochimica Acta
Volume394
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 20 2021

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Chemical Engineering(all)
  • Electrochemistry

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Electrochemical enhancement of reactively sputtered rhodium, ruthenium, and iridium oxide thin films for neural modulation, sensing, and recording applications'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this