Doubly labeled water measurement of human energy expenditure during strenuous exercise

R. W. Hoyt, T. E. Jones, T. P. Stein, G. W. McAninch, H. R. Lieberman, E. W. Askew, A. Cymerman

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The energy expenditures (EE) of 23 adult male Marines were measured during a strenuous 11-day cold-weather field exercise at 2,200- to 2,550-m elevation by both doubly labeled water (2H218O, DLW) and intake balance methods. The DLW EE calculations were corrected for changes in baseline isotopic abundances in a control group that did not receive 2H218O. Intake balance EE was estimated from the change in body energy stores and food intake. Body energy-store changes were calculated from anthropometric [-1,574 ± 144 (SE) kcal/day] and isotope dilution (-1,872 ± 293 kcal/day) measurements made before and after the field exercise. The subjects kept daily logbook records of ration consumption (3,132 ± 165 kcal/day). Mean DLW EE (4,919 ± 190 kcal/day) did not differ significantly from intake balance EE estimated from food intake and either anthropometric (4,705 ± 181 kcal/day) or isotope dilution (5,004 ± 240 kcal/day) estimates of the change in body energy stores. The DLW method can be used with at least the same degree of confidence as the intake balance method to measure the EE of active free-living humans.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)16-22
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Applied Physiology
Issue number1
StatePublished - 1991
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Physiology
  • Physiology (medical)


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