Diet Quality and Nutrition Concerns of People with Parkinson’s Disease and Their Informal Caregivers: A Mixed Methods Study

Dara L. LoBuono, Kyla S. Shea, Alison Tovar, Skye N. Leedahl, Leslie Mahler, Furong Xu, Ingrid E. Lofgren

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Limited research exists regarding the diet quality and nutritional concerns of people with Parkinson’s disease (PwPD) and their informal caregivers. The study’s purpose was to assess diet quality via the Healthy Eating Index-2015 (HEI-2015) and self-reported nutrition concerns via semi-structured, dyadic interviews of 20 PwPD (69.7 ± 9.2 yrs) and their caregivers (66.7 ± 13.0 yrs). HEI-2015 scores were 58.3 ± 12.4 and 58.1 ± 10.6 for PwPD and caregivers, respectively. Reported dietary concerns related to PD included: change in appetite or amount eaten, gastrointestinal issues, food-medication management, chewing/swallowing issues, and change in taste/smell. The poor diet quality and nutrition concerns identified suggest nutrition professionals and caregivers are critical on the healthcare team to promote optimal health among PwPD. Future research should address overall and specific aspects of diet quality, and nutritional concerns identified by dyads in this study, such as gastrointestinal issues and food-medication management.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1-21
Number of pages21
JournalJournal of Nutrition in Gerontology and Geriatrics
Volume41
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 2022
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Nutrition and Dietetics
  • Geriatrics and Gerontology

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