Design of anisotropic Co 3O 4 nanostructures: Control of particle size, assembly, and aspect ratio

Soma Sharma, Neha Garg, Kandalam V. Ramanujachary, Samuel E. Lofland, Ashok K. Ganguli

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

35 Scopus citations

Abstract

Alignment of Co 3O 4 nanoparticles to yield a range of anisotropic nanostructures with a controlled aspect ratio (1:5 to 1:13) was possible from a single nanostructured precursor (cobalt oxalate) that was obtained by a microemulsion method under controlled kinetic parameters and the temperature of decomposition. The role of the cationic surfactant is critical for obtaining the anisotropic nanostructures of Co 3O 4 comprising an assembly of Co 3O 4 nanoparticles (diameter 5-50 nm). The shape (from spherical to highly elongated) and size of individual nanoparticles could be varied by the temperature of decomposition. Higher temperature led to elongated and larger particles. All of the nanorods showed antiferromagnetic behavior with a decrease in Neel temperature (T N) with decrease in the average size of the individual oxide nanoparticles. The variation of T N with the particle diameter follows the finite-size scaling relation. These nanostructures were found to be excellent electrocatalysts for oxygen evolution reaction (OER), with a high current density of 104 mA/cm 2.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)4202-4210
Number of pages9
JournalCrystal Growth and Design
Volume12
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 1 2012

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics

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