Design and synthesis of hydrophobic and stable mesoporous polymeric solid acid with ultra strong acid strength and excellent catalytic activities for biomass transformation

Fujian Liu, Anmin Zheng, Iman Noshadi, Feng Shou Xiao

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

73 Scopus citations

Abstract

Novel and efficient mesoporous polydivinylbenzene (PDVB) based solid strong acid (PDVB-SO3H-SO2CF3) has been successfully prepared by grafting of strong electron withdrawing group of SO2CF3 onto the network of performed mesoporous solid acid of PDVB-SO3H, which could be synthesized from sulfonation of superhydrophobic mesoporous PDVB or copolymerization of DVB with sodium p-styrene sulfonate. Characterizations of N2 sorption isotherms, TG curves and contact angle tests show that PDVB-SO3H-SO2CF3 has large Brunauer-Emmett-Teller (BET) surface area, superior thermal stability, good hydrophobicity and oleophilicity. Solid 31P NMR spectra and NH3-TPD curves show that the Brønsted acidic site in PDVB-SO3H-SO2CF3 has been significantly enhanced and rather homogeneously distributed when compared with that of PDVB-SO3H. Catalytic tests show that PDVB-SO3H-SO2CF3 exhibits excellent catalytic activities and good recyclability in biomass transformation toward transesterification to biodiesel and depolymerization of crystalline cellulose to sugars when compared with those of PDVB-SO3H, solid strong acids of SO4/ZrO2 and Nafion NR50. The excellent catalytic activity and good recyclability of PDVB-SO3H-SO2CF3 result from its unique characters such as large surface area, ultra strong acid strength, adjustable hydrophobic-oleophilic and stable network.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)193-201
Number of pages9
JournalApplied Catalysis B: Environmental
Volume136-137
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 5 2013
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Catalysis
  • Environmental Science(all)
  • Process Chemistry and Technology

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