Based on data taken from the 1991 New York Jewish Population Survey, this paper focuses on the American Jewish/Israel relationship as an aspect of Jewish ethnic identity. Two behavioral indicators of attachment to Israel are empirically derived: personal connection to Israel and participation in organized activities supporting Israel. On both indicators, Orthodox are most attached, Reform least, Conservative in the middle; a significant proportion have no attachment to Israel at all. These denominational differences are not explained by the amount of Jewish education, the denomination in which it was received, the timing of Jewish education, and age. Jewish education mitigates denominational differences and increases attachment to Israel in all denominations. Our analysis also suggests that this is a cohort difference in the sources influencing attachment to Israel, and that education will play an increasingly important role in the strengthening of attachment to Israel in younger cohorts who receive an increasingly more Israeli-oriented Jewish education.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Religious studies