Demonstration of military composites with low hazardous air pollutant content

John J. La Scala, Theresa Glodek, Caroline Lochner, Xing Geng, Ashiq Quabili, Ken Patterson, Frank Bruce, Edward Bartling, Charlie Johnson, Philip Myers, Steven Boyd, Stephen Andersen, Lawrence Coulter, Roger Crane, John Gillespie, James M. Sands, Michael Starks, Jorge Gomez, Giuseppe R. Palmese

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution


Liquid resins used for molding composite structures are a significant source of volatile organic compounds (VOC) and hazardous air pollutant (HAP) emissions. One method of reducing styrene emissions from vinyl ester (VE) resins is to replace some or all of the styrene with fatty acid-based monomers. Fatty acid monomers are ideal candidates because they are inexpensive, have low volatilities, and promote global sustainability because they are derived from renewable resources. This patent pending technology allows for the formulation of high performance composite resins with no more than 25 wt% styrene. These resins have low viscosities suitable for vacuum infusion methods, and have excellent polymer and composite properties. As a result, these resins are currently being demonstrated/validated for DoD use on Army tactical vehicles, including HMMWV hoods, HMMWV helmet hardtops, T-38 dorsal covers, and composite rudders for the Navy.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationSAMPE '07
Subtitle of host publicationM and P - From Coast to Coast and Around the World; Conference Proceedings
StatePublished - 2007
Externally publishedYes
EventSAMPE '07: M and P - From Coast to Coast and Around the World - Baltimore, MD, United States
Duration: Jun 3 2007Jun 7 2007

Publication series

NameInternational SAMPE Symposium and Exhibition (Proceedings)
ISSN (Print)0891-0138


ConferenceSAMPE '07: M and P - From Coast to Coast and Around the World
Country/TerritoryUnited States
CityBaltimore, MD

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General Materials Science
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering


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