The mammalian brain contains many regions which synthesize and release the hormone and transmitter corticotropin releasing factor. This peptide is a key player in the function of the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis and has major role in mediating the endocrine limb of the stress response. However, there are several regions outside of the paraventricular nucleus of the hypothalamus which synthesize this peptide in which it has a role more akin to a classical neurotransmitter. A significant body of literature exists in which its role as a transmitter and its cellular effects in many brain regions, as well as how it affects various forms of behavior, is described. However, the receptors which corticotropin releasing factor interacts with in the brain are G-protein coupled receptors, and therefore their activation promotes a multitude of cellular effects. Despite this, comparatively little research has been done to investigate how this peptide affects excitatory synaptic transmission in the brain. This is important because both excitatory and inhibitory regulation of physiology are important extrinsic factors in the operation of neurons which occur in conjunction with their intrinsic properties. By not taking into account how corticotropin releasing factor affects these processes, a complete picture of this peptide's role in brain function is not available. In this chapter, the limited body of research which has explicitly investigated how corticotropin releasing factor affects excitatory synaptic transmission in various brain regions will be explored.