Comparison of glucose, LCT, and LCT plus MCT as calorie sources for parenterally nourished rats

T. P. Stein, M. E. Presti, M. J. Leskiw

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Abstract

Protein and fat metabolism were studied in fed and protein-depleted rats. The rats were given one of three isocaloric, isonitrogenous nutrient mixes parenterally. The nutritional regimens differed in the sources of nonprotein calories: i) glucose, ii) an emulsion containing long-chain fatty acid triglyceride esters (LCT), and iii) an emulsion containing both LCTs and medium-chain fatty acid triglycerides (MCT). Nitrogen balance, protein synthesis and breakdown, fat deposition in the liver, and the periuterine fat pads were measured using [15N]glycine as the tracer for the protein metabolism and deuterium for the lipid studies. Results are as follows. i) Nitrogen retention and protein synthesis were greater in the fed rats treated with glucose than with LCT. ii) Nitrogen fluxes were lower with LCT than with glucose. iii) Extensive lipogenesis in the liver was only found with the glucose-treated rats. iv) None of the caloric regimens promoted lipogenesis in the periuterine fat pads. v) With the two lipid-containing regimens there was a relative depletion of the depot fat in the periuterine fat pads relative to their glucose-treated conterparts. v) Although the MCT-containing emulsion did not cause hepatomegaly, its apparent caloric effectiveness was lower than that of either glucose or LCT. vi) Chain elongation is not a major pathway for MCT metabolism in parenterally nourished rats.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)E277-E287
JournalAmerican Journal of Physiology - Endocrinology and Metabolism
Volume9
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 1984

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
  • Physiology
  • Physiology (medical)

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