Compact Z-Impedance Compensation for Inductive Power Transfer and its Capacitance Tuning Method

Yao Wang, Shuyan Zhao, Hua Zhang, Chong Zhu, Ying Mei, Ningfei Jiao, Fei Lu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations


This article proposes a Z-impedance compensation for inductive power transfer (IPT). There are three contributions. First, a Z-impedance-S compensated IPT topology is developed to achieve constant transmitting current, load-independent constant-voltage output, and zero-phase angle (ZPA) property, which is an alternative to the conventional LCC-S topology. Second, compared to an LCC circuit, the Z-impedance compensation burdens much smaller current/voltage stress and shows lower sensitivity to compensation capacitance drift, contributing to high-power applications. Third, a capacitance tuning method is proposed to regulate power, which improves the misalignment tolerance. Two 5 kW Z impedance-S and LCC-S IPT prototypes are implemented. Experiments show that the Z-impedance-S IPT system achieves comparable power and efficiency with an LCC-S IPT system with smaller current/voltage stress and lower sensitivity. The proposed capacitance tuning method is effective to maintain a rated 3 kW output within a horizontal misalignment of [0 100 mm] with zero-voltage-switching and ZPA operation. Meantime, A peak dc-dc efficiency of 96.88% is realized in the Z impedance-S IPT system at 3.47 kW.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)3627-3640
Number of pages14
JournalIEEE Transactions on Industrial Electronics
Issue number4
StatePublished - Apr 1 2023
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Control and Systems Engineering
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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