Cold Temperature Effects on Reinforced Concrete Structural Behavior

William Riddell, Douglas B. Cleary, Gilson Lomboy, Shahriar Abubakri, Benjamin E. Watts, Danielle E. Kennedy, Brian Berry, Amelia Chan, Nicholas Giagunto, Joseph Goodberlet, Maximilian Husar, Joseph Kayal, Christopher McCormick

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution


The design and construction of reinforced concrete structures in the arctic is of increased interest. Concrete and steel properties change as temperatures drop below freezing. Change in concrete properties such as compressive and tensile strengths and elastic modulus can be large. The changes in steel properties are smaller over this temperature range, but could still be important. These changes in properties due to arctic temperatures will impact the structural behavior of reinforced concrete elements as well as frames. In this study, representative elements of reinforced concrete frames are analyzed to determine how changes in element stiffness over a range of temperatures influences moment demand in frame elements based on variations in material properties with temperature that are reported in the literature. The temperature-affected strengths and stiffness of these elements were incorporated into a simple, analytical frame model to assess the impact of reduced temperature on frame behavior. In particular, the changes in demand on elements and connections for service load conditions as the temperature decreases are evaluated.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationProceedings of the Canadian Society of Civil Engineering Annual Conference 2022 - Volume 1
EditorsRishi Gupta, Min Sun, Svetlana Brzev, M. Shahria Alam, Kelvin Tsun Wai Ng, Jianbing Li, Ashraf El Damatty, Clark Lim
PublisherSpringer Science and Business Media Deutschland GmbH
Number of pages13
ISBN (Print)9783031345920
StatePublished - 2023
EventProceedings of theAnnual Conference of the Canadian Society of Civil Engineering 2022 - Whistler, Canada
Duration: May 25 2022May 28 2022

Publication series

NameLecture Notes in Civil Engineering
Volume363 LNCE
ISSN (Print)2366-2557
ISSN (Electronic)2366-2565


ConferenceProceedings of theAnnual Conference of the Canadian Society of Civil Engineering 2022

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Civil and Structural Engineering


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