Clock drawing errors in dementia: Neuropsychological and neuroanatomical considerations

Stephanie Cosentino, Angela Jefferson, Douglas L. Chute, Edith Kaplan, David J. Libon

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

74 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objectives: A clock drawing test scoring system is presented to explore the neuropsychological/neuroanatomic components underlying clock drawing in patients initially diagnosed with Alzheimer disease, ischemic vascular dementia associated with white matter alterations, and Parkinson disease. Methods: Fourteen clock drawing test errors were scored to create 4 clock drawing test subscales that assess different underlying cognitive operations. Results: In the command condition, errors on the Time subscale were correlated with impairment on executive control measures. In the copy condition, errors on the Perseveration/Pull to Stimulus subscale was also correlated with executive control measures. Patients presenting with mild (low) magnetic resonance imaging white matter alterations, significant (high) white matter alterations, and Parkinson disease were compared. In the command condition, the low white matter alterations group made fewer total errors than the Parkinson disease group. In the copy condition, the low white matter alterations group made fewer errors on the Time, Spatial Layout, and Perseveration/Pull to Stimulus clock drawing test subscales than the high white matter alterations or Parkinson disease groups. Few differences were noted between the high white matter alterations and Parkinson disease groups. Discussion: Our data suggest that heavy demands on executive control associated with the interruption of large-scale cortical-subcortical neural networks underlie impairment in clock drawing in mild dementia.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)74-84
Number of pages11
JournalCognitive and Behavioral Neurology
Volume17
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 1 2004

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Neuropsychology and Physiological Psychology
  • Cognitive Neuroscience
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

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