Characterization of the isoform-specific differences in the gating of neuronal and muscle sodium channels

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Abstract

Human heart (hH1), human skeletal muscle (hSkM1), and rat brain (rIIA) Na channels were expressed in cultured cells and the activation and inactivation of the whole-cell Na currents measured using the patch clamp technique. hH1 Na channels were found to activate and inactivate at more hyperpolarized voltages than hSkMl and rIIA. The conductance versus voltage and steady state inactivation relationships have midpoints of -48 and -92 mV (hH1), -28 and -72 mV (hSkM1), and -22 and -61 mV (rIIA). At depolarized voltages, where Na channels predominately inactivate from the open state, the inactivation of hill is 2-fold slower than that of hSkM1 and rIIA. The recovery from fast inactivation of all three isoforms is well described by a single rapid component with time constants at -100 mV of 44 ms (hH1), 4.7 ms (hSkM1), and 7.6 ms (rIIA). After accounting for differences in voltage dependence, the kinetics of activation, inactivation, and recovery of hill were found to be generally slower than those of hSkM1 and rIIA. Modeling of Na channel gating at hyperpolarized voltages where the channel does not open suggests that the slow rate of recovery from inactivation of hH1 accounts for most of the differences in the steady-state inactivation of these Na channels.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1041-1050
Number of pages10
JournalCanadian Journal of Physiology and Pharmacology
Volume76
Issue number10-11
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 1998
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Physiology
  • Pharmacology
  • Physiology (medical)

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