Ba4FeAgS6: a new antiferromagnetic and semiconducting quaternary sulfide

Gopabandhu Panigrahi, Sweta Yadav, Subhendu Jana, K. V. Ramanujachary, Manish K. Niranjan, Jai Prakash

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations


The single crystals of a quaternary sulfide, Ba4FeAgS6, have been synthesized by reacting elements at 873 K inside a sealed fused silica tube. The title phase is the first ordered quaternary compound of the Ba-Ag-Fe-S system. The crystal structure of Ba4FeAgS6 is characterized by a single-crystal X-ray diffraction study at 298(2) K. It crystallizes in the space group C52h - P21/n of the monoclinic crystal system with unit cell dimensions of a = 8.6367(5) Å, b = 12.0291(7) Å, c = 13.2510(7) Å, and β = 109.015(2)°. This compound is stoichiometric, and its structure contains twelve unique crystallographic sites: four Ba, one Fe, one Ag, and six S sites. All atoms of the structure occupy the general positions. The Ba4FeAgS6 structure consists of one-dimensional chains of 1[FeAgS6]8− that are extended in the [100] direction. The negative charges on these chains are counterbalanced by the filling of Ba2+ cations in between the 1[FeAgS6]8− chains. The Fe atoms are bonded to four S atoms that form a distorted tetrahedral geometry around the central Fe atom. Each Ag atom in this structure is coordinated with four S atoms in a distorted tetrahedral fashion. These FeS4 and AgS4 motifs are the main building blocks of the Ba4FeAgS6 structure. The corner-sharing of FeS4 and AgS4 tetrahedra creates one-dimensional chains of 1[FeAgS6]8−. This structure does not contain any homoatomic or metallic bonds and can be charge-balanced as (Ba2+)4(Fe3+)1(Ag1+)1(S2−)6. The optical absorption study performed on a polycrystalline Ba4FeAgS6 sample reveals a direct bandgap of 1.2(1) eV. The magnetic studies reveal the antiferromagnetic behavior of Ba4FeAgS6 below 50 K. The thermal conductivity and theoretical electronic structure of Ba4FeAgS6 are also studied in detail.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)621-634
Number of pages14
JournalDalton Transactions
Issue number3
StatePublished - Nov 17 2022

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Inorganic Chemistry


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