Objective: To provide a comprehensive review of published research on the application of the transtheoretical model (TTM) to cancer screening behavior. Methods: Studies were categorized by design, given an internal validity rating where appropriate, and rated. Results: Forty-two studies were reviewed. Stage-matched mammography interventions were supported; however, the body of literature was of limited size. Research on the TTM as it applies to other cancer screenings is sparse. Conclusions: Stage-of-change and decisional balance appear to apply to mammography. More validation research is needed on the application of the TTM to all cancer screening behaviors.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Health(social science)
- Social Psychology
- Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health