The Escherichia coli cold shock protein CspA family consists of nine proteins (CspA to CspI), of which two, CspE and CspC, are constitutively produced at 37°C and are involved in regulation of expression of genes encoding stress response proteins but can also perform an essential function during cold acclimation. In this study, we analyzed global transcript profiles of cells lacking cspE and cspC as well as cells individually overexpressing these proteins or a CspE mutant that is unable to melt nucleic acids and is defective in cold acclimation. The analysis reveals sets of genes whose expression (i) is regulated by CspC and CspE at physiological temperature or cold shock conditions and (ii) depends on the nucleic acid melting function of CspE. Bioinformatic analysis of the latter group reveals that many of those genes contain promoter-proximal sequences that can block transcript elongation and may be targeted by the nucleic acid melting function of CspE.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Molecular Biology