An exploratory analysis of two-vehicle crashes for distracted driving with a mixed approach: Machine learning algorithm with unobserved heterogeneity

Mouyid Islam, Deep Patel, Ahmed Sajid Hasan, Mohammad Jalayer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Scopus citations

Abstract

Two-vehicle crashes resulting from distracted driving led to a higher number of fatalities and serious injuries over time. This study utilized machine learning and econometric models to investigate two-vehicle-involved distracted driving crashes from the Crash Report Sampling System within the United States. XGBoost and Random Forest were utilized to identify the top variables based on SHAP value, although mixed logit with unobserved heterogeneity was used to model injury severity. The model results indicate that there is a complex interaction of driver characteristics, such as demographics (male drivers), driver actions (careless driving, driving more than the speed limit of more than 15 mph, hitting a stopped vehicle), a driver without violation history, turning violation, drinking, roadway characteristics (non-interstate highways, undivided and divided roadways with positive barrier, curved roadways, dry surface), environmental conditions (rainy weather), vehicle attributes (motorcycle, displacement volume up to 2500 cc, newer vehicle within five years of crash-involvement), temporal characteristics (4–6 PM, July–September, and year 2017). These findings underscore the importance of driving behavior and roadway design. As such, prioritizing efforts to address distracted driving behavior through driver training and law enforcement, as well as considering its implications for roadway design and maintenance, becomes crucial.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)709-745
Number of pages37
JournalJournal of Transportation Safety and Security
Volume16
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - 2024
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Transportation
  • Safety Research

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'An exploratory analysis of two-vehicle crashes for distracted driving with a mixed approach: Machine learning algorithm with unobserved heterogeneity'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this