This work reports the synthesis of a novel allylcyclohexylamine functionalized siloxane and its phase separated blend with styrene-butyl acrylate copolymer and their application for pervaporative enrichment of 1,3-propanediol from dilute aqueous solutions. The phase separated blend allowed for the recovery of mechanical strength lost due to functionalization without loss in separation performance. Separation factors of 9-15 were achieved with functionalization levels of 50-90%, while 1,3-propanediol flux was 1.5×10-3-1.6×10-3 g/m2-s (5.5-5.8 g/m2-h). Separation efficiency increased with functionalization and decreased with increasing temperature and feed concentration. Solution diffusion model was used to compute the overall mass transfer coefficients, concentration polarization and intrinsic material mass transport properties. The overall mass transfer coefficient for 1,3-propanediol was between 1.0×10-7-1.4×10-7m/s while the boundary layer mass transfer coefficient ranged from 5×10-7m/s to 18×10-7m/s indicating the dominance of the membrane on the transport resistance. A computation of Hansens solubility parameters by a group contribution method was carried out to underscore the results. The membrane, with its good cost/performance tradeoff and excellent mechanical integrity, offers the possibility of fabrication into modules and scale up.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Materials Science(all)
- Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
- Filtration and Separation