Age-related difference in myocardial function and inflammation in a rat model of myocardial ischemia-reperfusion

Peitan Liu, Baohuan Xu, Thomas Cavalieri, Carl E. Hock

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

Objective: Aging is associated with a reduced tolerance to myocardial ischemia reperfusion injury when compared to the young adult. However, there is very little information in the literature regarding age-related changes in myocardial function and inflammation during myocardial ischemia-reperfusion (MI/R) in vivo. Methods: We examined age-related differences in myocyte apoptosis and the inflammatory response in a rat model of myocardial ischemia-reperfusion (MI/R). The aged (19 months) and young (4 months) male F344 BN rats were subjected to 30 min of myocardial ischemia by ligating the left main coronary artery, followed by release of the ligature and 4 h of reperfusion. Four experimental groups, e.g. young sham control, aged sham control, young rats subjected to MI/R, and aged rats subjected to MI/R, were studied. Results: MI/R induced a 78% increase in circulating leukocytes and a 30% increase in superoxide generation in the ischemic region of the heart of young rats, when compared to aged rats. Moreover, the arrhythmia scores were higher in young rats than in aged rats (P=0.058) following MI/R. There was no difference in hemodynamics between young sham and aged sham rats. However, the cardiac index was decreased by 34% at 3 h of reperfusion and by 33% at 4 h of reperfusion in aged rats, when compared to young rats following MI/R. Furthermore, stroke volume index was decreased by 54, 56, and 65% at 2, 3, and 4 h of reperfusion in aged rats, respectively, when compared that of young rats subjected to MI/R. There was an enhanced myocyte apoptosis, as indicated by ELISA and TUNEL staining in the myocardium of aged rats compared to young rats following MI/R. Interestingly, RT-PCR analysis indicated that MI/R significantly increased the ratio of Bax mRNA to Bcl-2 mRNA in aged rats compared to that of young rats (3.51 vs. 0.74). Conclusion: MI/R is associated with an increase in circulating leukocytes and generation of superoxide in the peri-ischemic areas of the heart of young rats, compared to aged rats. However, MI/R induces a significant decrease in cardiac index and stroke volume index in aged rats, when compared to young rats following MI/R. Furthermore, aged rats exhibit an increase in the ratio of Bax mRNA to Bcl-2 mRNA and cardiomyocyte apoptosis following MI/R, which may explain, at least in part, the enhanced myocardial dysfunction.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)443-453
Number of pages11
JournalCardiovascular Research
Volume56
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 2002
Externally publishedYes

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Myocardial Reperfusion
Myocardial Ischemia
Inflammation
Reperfusion
Messenger RNA
Superoxides
Stroke Volume
Muscle Cells
Leukocytes
Inbred BN Rats
Apoptosis
Myocardial Reperfusion Injury

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Physiology
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
  • Physiology (medical)

Cite this

@article{f6afe3a19b0848fbadf4309c984c723a,
title = "Age-related difference in myocardial function and inflammation in a rat model of myocardial ischemia-reperfusion",
abstract = "Objective: Aging is associated with a reduced tolerance to myocardial ischemia reperfusion injury when compared to the young adult. However, there is very little information in the literature regarding age-related changes in myocardial function and inflammation during myocardial ischemia-reperfusion (MI/R) in vivo. Methods: We examined age-related differences in myocyte apoptosis and the inflammatory response in a rat model of myocardial ischemia-reperfusion (MI/R). The aged (19 months) and young (4 months) male F344 BN rats were subjected to 30 min of myocardial ischemia by ligating the left main coronary artery, followed by release of the ligature and 4 h of reperfusion. Four experimental groups, e.g. young sham control, aged sham control, young rats subjected to MI/R, and aged rats subjected to MI/R, were studied. Results: MI/R induced a 78{\%} increase in circulating leukocytes and a 30{\%} increase in superoxide generation in the ischemic region of the heart of young rats, when compared to aged rats. Moreover, the arrhythmia scores were higher in young rats than in aged rats (P=0.058) following MI/R. There was no difference in hemodynamics between young sham and aged sham rats. However, the cardiac index was decreased by 34{\%} at 3 h of reperfusion and by 33{\%} at 4 h of reperfusion in aged rats, when compared to young rats following MI/R. Furthermore, stroke volume index was decreased by 54, 56, and 65{\%} at 2, 3, and 4 h of reperfusion in aged rats, respectively, when compared that of young rats subjected to MI/R. There was an enhanced myocyte apoptosis, as indicated by ELISA and TUNEL staining in the myocardium of aged rats compared to young rats following MI/R. Interestingly, RT-PCR analysis indicated that MI/R significantly increased the ratio of Bax mRNA to Bcl-2 mRNA in aged rats compared to that of young rats (3.51 vs. 0.74). Conclusion: MI/R is associated with an increase in circulating leukocytes and generation of superoxide in the peri-ischemic areas of the heart of young rats, compared to aged rats. However, MI/R induces a significant decrease in cardiac index and stroke volume index in aged rats, when compared to young rats following MI/R. Furthermore, aged rats exhibit an increase in the ratio of Bax mRNA to Bcl-2 mRNA and cardiomyocyte apoptosis following MI/R, which may explain, at least in part, the enhanced myocardial dysfunction.",
author = "Peitan Liu and Baohuan Xu and Thomas Cavalieri and Hock, {Carl E.}",
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Age-related difference in myocardial function and inflammation in a rat model of myocardial ischemia-reperfusion. / Liu, Peitan; Xu, Baohuan; Cavalieri, Thomas; Hock, Carl E.

In: Cardiovascular Research, Vol. 56, No. 3, 01.12.2002, p. 443-453.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Age-related difference in myocardial function and inflammation in a rat model of myocardial ischemia-reperfusion

AU - Liu, Peitan

AU - Xu, Baohuan

AU - Cavalieri, Thomas

AU - Hock, Carl E.

PY - 2002/12/1

Y1 - 2002/12/1

N2 - Objective: Aging is associated with a reduced tolerance to myocardial ischemia reperfusion injury when compared to the young adult. However, there is very little information in the literature regarding age-related changes in myocardial function and inflammation during myocardial ischemia-reperfusion (MI/R) in vivo. Methods: We examined age-related differences in myocyte apoptosis and the inflammatory response in a rat model of myocardial ischemia-reperfusion (MI/R). The aged (19 months) and young (4 months) male F344 BN rats were subjected to 30 min of myocardial ischemia by ligating the left main coronary artery, followed by release of the ligature and 4 h of reperfusion. Four experimental groups, e.g. young sham control, aged sham control, young rats subjected to MI/R, and aged rats subjected to MI/R, were studied. Results: MI/R induced a 78% increase in circulating leukocytes and a 30% increase in superoxide generation in the ischemic region of the heart of young rats, when compared to aged rats. Moreover, the arrhythmia scores were higher in young rats than in aged rats (P=0.058) following MI/R. There was no difference in hemodynamics between young sham and aged sham rats. However, the cardiac index was decreased by 34% at 3 h of reperfusion and by 33% at 4 h of reperfusion in aged rats, when compared to young rats following MI/R. Furthermore, stroke volume index was decreased by 54, 56, and 65% at 2, 3, and 4 h of reperfusion in aged rats, respectively, when compared that of young rats subjected to MI/R. There was an enhanced myocyte apoptosis, as indicated by ELISA and TUNEL staining in the myocardium of aged rats compared to young rats following MI/R. Interestingly, RT-PCR analysis indicated that MI/R significantly increased the ratio of Bax mRNA to Bcl-2 mRNA in aged rats compared to that of young rats (3.51 vs. 0.74). Conclusion: MI/R is associated with an increase in circulating leukocytes and generation of superoxide in the peri-ischemic areas of the heart of young rats, compared to aged rats. However, MI/R induces a significant decrease in cardiac index and stroke volume index in aged rats, when compared to young rats following MI/R. Furthermore, aged rats exhibit an increase in the ratio of Bax mRNA to Bcl-2 mRNA and cardiomyocyte apoptosis following MI/R, which may explain, at least in part, the enhanced myocardial dysfunction.

AB - Objective: Aging is associated with a reduced tolerance to myocardial ischemia reperfusion injury when compared to the young adult. However, there is very little information in the literature regarding age-related changes in myocardial function and inflammation during myocardial ischemia-reperfusion (MI/R) in vivo. Methods: We examined age-related differences in myocyte apoptosis and the inflammatory response in a rat model of myocardial ischemia-reperfusion (MI/R). The aged (19 months) and young (4 months) male F344 BN rats were subjected to 30 min of myocardial ischemia by ligating the left main coronary artery, followed by release of the ligature and 4 h of reperfusion. Four experimental groups, e.g. young sham control, aged sham control, young rats subjected to MI/R, and aged rats subjected to MI/R, were studied. Results: MI/R induced a 78% increase in circulating leukocytes and a 30% increase in superoxide generation in the ischemic region of the heart of young rats, when compared to aged rats. Moreover, the arrhythmia scores were higher in young rats than in aged rats (P=0.058) following MI/R. There was no difference in hemodynamics between young sham and aged sham rats. However, the cardiac index was decreased by 34% at 3 h of reperfusion and by 33% at 4 h of reperfusion in aged rats, when compared to young rats following MI/R. Furthermore, stroke volume index was decreased by 54, 56, and 65% at 2, 3, and 4 h of reperfusion in aged rats, respectively, when compared that of young rats subjected to MI/R. There was an enhanced myocyte apoptosis, as indicated by ELISA and TUNEL staining in the myocardium of aged rats compared to young rats following MI/R. Interestingly, RT-PCR analysis indicated that MI/R significantly increased the ratio of Bax mRNA to Bcl-2 mRNA in aged rats compared to that of young rats (3.51 vs. 0.74). Conclusion: MI/R is associated with an increase in circulating leukocytes and generation of superoxide in the peri-ischemic areas of the heart of young rats, compared to aged rats. However, MI/R induces a significant decrease in cardiac index and stroke volume index in aged rats, when compared to young rats following MI/R. Furthermore, aged rats exhibit an increase in the ratio of Bax mRNA to Bcl-2 mRNA and cardiomyocyte apoptosis following MI/R, which may explain, at least in part, the enhanced myocardial dysfunction.

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