Adults with Autism and Adults with Depression Show Similar Attentional Biases to Social-Affective Images

Kathryn E. Unruh, James W. Bodfish, Katherine O. Gotham

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

15 Scopus citations

Abstract

Individuals with ASD have increased rates of depression compared to the general population. Repetitive cognition is a core feature of ASD; in typically developing adults, repetitive cognition has been associated with attentional biases to negative emotional material and increased prospective depression risk. We compared adults with ASD to typically developing adults with depression and never-depressed controls, using a paired preference paradigm sensitive to affective biases in the context of repetitive cognition. Both clinical cohorts oriented faster to negative social-emotional material and spent less time overall on positive material, compared to healthy controls. Exploratory analyses within ASD revealed specific influences of repetitive behavior on patterns of affective bias. Findings help pinpoint susceptibilities in ASD that may confer increased risk for depression.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2336-2347
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
Volume50
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 1 2020
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Developmental and Educational Psychology

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Adults with Autism and Adults with Depression Show Similar Attentional Biases to Social-Affective Images'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this