Adhesive/cohesive properties of thermally sprayed functionally graded coatings for polymer matrix composites

Milan Ivosevic, Richard Knight, Surya R. Kalidindi, Giuseppe R. Palmese, James K. Sutter

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

71 Scopus citations


High-velocity oxyfuel (HVOF) sprayed polyimide/WC-Co functionally graded (FGM) coatings with flamesprayed WC-Co topcoats have been investigated as solutions to improve the solid-particle erosion and oxidation resistance of polymer matrix composites (PMCs) in the gas flow path of advanced turbine engines. Porosity, coating thickness, and volume fraction of the WC-Co phase retained in the graded coating architecture were determined using standard metallographic techniques and computer image analysis. The adhesive bond strength of three different types of coatings was evaluated according to ASTM D 4541. Adhesive/cohesive strengths of the FGM coating were measured and compared with those of pure polyimide and polyimide/WC-Co composite coatings and also related to the tensile strength of the uncoated PMC substrate perpendicular to the thickness. The FGM coatings exhibited lower adhesive bond strengths (∼6.2 MPa) than pure polyimide coatings (∼8.4 MPa), and in all cases these values were lower than the tensile strength (∼17.6 MPa) of the reference uncoated PMC substrate. The nature and locus of the failures were characterized according to the percent adhesive and/or cohesive failure, and the interfaces tested and layers involved were analyzed by scanning electron microscopy.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)45-51
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Thermal Spray Technology
Issue number1
StatePublished - Mar 2005
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films
  • Materials Chemistry


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