Preliminary genome screens are usually succeeded by fine mapping analyses focusing on the regions that signal linkage. It is advantageous to reduce the size of the regions where follow-up studies are performed, since this will help better tackle, among other things, the multiplicity adjustment issue associated with them. We describe a two-step approach that uses a confidence set inference procedure as a tool for intermediate mapping (between preliminary genome screening and fine mapping) to further localize disease loci. Apart from the usual Hardy-Weiberg and linkage equilibrium assumptions, the only other assumption of the proposed approach is that each region of interest houses at most one of the disease-contributing loci. Through a simulation study with several two-locus disease models, we demonstrate that our method can isolate the position of trait loci with high accuracy. Application of this two-step procedure to the data from the Arthritis Research Campaign National Repository also led to highly encouraging results. The method not only successfully localized a well-characterized trait contributing locus on chromosome 6, but also placed its position to narrower regions when compared to their LOD support interval counterparts based on the same data.
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