Five spatial metrics are developed at the housing-unit level for analyzing spatial patterns of urban growth in order to better identify the characteristics and qualities of urban sprawl. A multi-temporal land-use/land-cover dataset for Hunterdon County, New Jersey is utilized to measure new housing units developed between Time 1 (1986) and Time 2 (1995) for five traits defined as "sprawl" in the planning and policy literature: (1) density, (2) leapfrog, (3) segregated land use, (4) accessibility, and (5) highway strip. The resulting housing-unit sprawl indicator measurements are summarized by municipality to provide a "sprawl report card." The analysis provides a new direction in sprawl research that addresses sprawl at the atomic level, captures the temporal nature of urban growth, and provides measures that are potentially useful to planners addressing sprawl.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Computers in Earth Sciences