A digital method for calculation the forming cutter profile in machining helical surface

Kun He, Guolong Li, Yanbin Du, Ying Tang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

14 Scopus citations


In the forming process of helical surface, the forming cutter profile has a decisive influence on machining accuracy. In this paper, a point-vector envelope (PVE) method is proposed to calculate the forming cutter profile of a helical surface. Firstly, the transverse profile of the helical surface is dispersed into a series of points based on the principle of average, and add corresponding normal vector to the discrete point for obtaining the point-vector (PV), and use the helical motion of PVs to envelope the forming cutter profile. Then, through the coordinate transformation and projection of PVs, the PV groups are formed on the calculation plane. A PVE approximation algorithm is constructed to determine all the envelope points of the PV groups, and the grinding wheel profile is obtained by fitting all the envelope points into curves. Finally, the validity of the proposed digital method is demonstrated in numerical and experimental example of the helical gear form grinding.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)370-380
Number of pages11
JournalInternational Journal of Mechanical Sciences
StatePublished - May 2019
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Aerospace Engineering
  • Ocean Engineering
  • Applied Mathematics
  • General Materials Science
  • Civil and Structural Engineering


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