A Decentralized Network with Fast and Lightweight Autonomous Channel Selection in Vehicle Platoons for Collision Avoidance

Ankur Sarker, Chenxi Qiu, Haiying Shen

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

9 Scopus citations

Abstract

Always keeping a certain distance between vehicles in a platoon is important for collision avoidance. Centralized platoon systems let the leader vehicle determine and notify the velocities of all the vehicles in the platoon. Unfortunately, such a centralized method generates high packet drop rate and communication delay due to the leader vehicle's limited communication capability. Therefore, we propose a decentralized platoon network, in which each vehicle determines its own velocity by only communicating with the vehicles in a short range. However, the multiple simultaneous transmissions between different pairs of vehicles may interfere with each other. Directly applying current channel allocation methods for interference avoidance leads to high communication cost and delay in vehicle joins and departures (i.e., vehicle dynamics). As a result, a challenge is how to reduce the communication delay and cost for channel allocation in decentralized platoon networks? To handle this challenge, by leveraging a typical feature of a platoon, we devise a channel allocation algorithm, called the Fast and Lightweight Autonomous channel selection algorithm (FLA), in which each vehicle determines its own channel simply based on its distance to the leader vehicle. We conduct experiments on NS-3 and Matlab to evaluate the performance of our proposed methods. The experimental results demonstrate the superior performance of our decentralized platoon network over the previous centralized platoon networks and of FLA over previous channel allocation methods in platoons.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationProceedings - 2016 IEEE 13th International Conference on Mobile Ad Hoc and Sensor Systems, MASS 2016
PublisherInstitute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.
Pages272-280
Number of pages9
ISBN (Electronic)9781509028337
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 11 2017
Externally publishedYes
Event13th IEEE International Conference on Mobile Ad Hoc and Sensor Systems, MASS 2016 - Brasilia, Brazil
Duration: Oct 10 2016Oct 13 2016

Publication series

NameProceedings - 2016 IEEE 13th International Conference on Mobile Ad Hoc and Sensor Systems, MASS 2016

Conference

Conference13th IEEE International Conference on Mobile Ad Hoc and Sensor Systems, MASS 2016
Country/TerritoryBrazil
CityBrasilia
Period10/10/1610/13/16

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Computer Networks and Communications
  • Instrumentation

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